(Mt. 22:34-40, Mk. 12:28-38; Lk. 10:25-37)
An expert in the Jewish Law asked the Lord Jesus Christ: "What is the greatest commandment, or how can one attain the Kingdom of God?" He himself knew the answer, of course. It was: you should love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul and strength, and should also love your friend. In order to justify himself, the man who asked the question asked a second question: "Who is then my friend? And the Lord answered by telling the Parable of the Good Samaritan.