How should we safeguard our identity in times when we are constantly bombarded with information and ideas which often act to erode the sense of one’s identity? How can Armenians persevere in the current geopolitical conditions? We offer the means. Learn more about the history of Armenia, our heritage, our language, our traditions, and values during the radio program “Akunk” (Source).
World War I ended on November 11, 1918, but for us, Armenians, still a sufficient number of unresolved problems remained after it. On the same day 100 years later, anniversary events were held in Paris, where we are interested in the participation of the Republic of Armenia.
What happened in Paris on November 11 as well as in the preceding and following days? What historical and scientific, political and diplomatic significance did this conference have?...
A peace conference was held in Paris in 1919 also. It is impossible not to touch upon it, though these two conferences are not comparable. Without the knowledge of the past, it is impossible to develop a future strategy.
- Rafayel Tadevosyan
- Tigran Hekekyan
Tigran Hekekyan, Professor of Yerevan State Conservatory named after Komitas, Head of Sayat Nova Music School, Art Director and Chief Conductor of the Little Singers of Armenia Choir, is a professor who is very interested in all matters related to pedagogy and education. But the Maestro is not just an educator; he is a teacher in the fullest sense of this word, and his pupils, little singers of Armenia, have been admired by the whole world. In my opinion, the Little Singers of Armenia Choir that was founded by him is a school that first of all educates a human being, an Armenian, a worthy Armenian!
Today we talk with the Maestro about the health of the educational system that has been formed during the years of independence in our republic.
After the defeat of Turkey in World War I and the conclusion of the Mudros Armistice on October 30, 1918, the Turkish troops left the territory of the Republic of Armenia and the region of Kars, and the Russian-Turkish border of 1914 was restored.
A few days after the Mudros Armistice, the Armistice of Compiègne was concluded on November 11, ending the war. This armistice was signed by the defeated Germany and the winning countries – France, Great Britain, the USA, and other members of the anti-German alliance. Armenia, unfortunately, was an ally of the countries that won.
In a few days, these same countries, that is, the progressive Europe, will celebrate the Armistice of Compiègne, that is, the 100th anniversary of the victorious end of World War I. It will be celebrated solemnly, certainly with a magnificent military parade, etc. But who remembers or reminds nowadays that the Armenian people paid the most for this victory? The remnants of Western Armenians roam around the world homeless, without a homeland, and without receiving answers to their numerous "why"s. Will they ever get those answers? Yes, in my opinion, if we become an ambitious, dignified and powerful nation and state, and pursue the solution of our problems at the state level. And we do have such an opportunity. We just need a national program and the will to carry it out, following the example of the Jews (although I do not like this comparison). Alas...
- Rafayel Tadevosyan
- Karine Martirosyan
I am not familiar with a self-portrait of any other writer that would be so complete with the dramatic fullness of the writer's image, with his self-awareness, tragic personality, moral and psychological depth, worldviews, political positions, and other properties. A writer, satirist, who, despite not authoring voluminous works (it also has its reasons, most probably), managed to fully reveal, through short narratives, almost all the vices of our life of the Soviet period; no area of life escapes his attention, and he observes it all through the prism of his worldview.
Dr. Albert Mushegyan found in the languages of the Ancient East numerous evidences on the Armenian language and on the everyday life, metalworking and weapon art of the Armenian people. The scientist came to the conclusion that when 4000 years ago BCE the Sumerians migrated from the Armenian Highland to Mesopotamia and created a high culture there, they preserved, in their literary language, information about their old compatriots, the Armenians, and about their language. With his new discoveries, Dr. Musheghyan rejects the anti-scientific opinion that there was no Armenian element in the Kingdom of Van or Urartu.
- Albert Musheghyan
If after his performance in the Olympia Hall in Paris in 1959, "France was Aznavourified," as one French journalist wrote, then after the devastating earthquake of December 7, 1988, the planet Earth was "aznavourified," while after October 1, 2018, his loss became universal: Charles Aznavour, who suffered for the fate of his nation and fatherland in the last 30 years, has become a non-national phenomenon…
The ceremony of farewell to Charles Aznavour in his native Paris will become an unsurpassed event in the whole history of Francophonie: thanks to the French television, the whole world was bidding a live farewell to the most Armenian Frenchman and the most French Armenian…
Thank you, France...
Mersi, la France.
- Aelita Dolukhanyan
The life, work and written heritage of one of composer Alexander Spendiaryan's daughters, Marina, are waiting for their researcher... She was a musician, artist, writer, publicist and, together with her sister Tatiana, the founder of the Alexander Spendiaryan House-Museum. After her death, her archive was transferred to the Spendiaryan House-Museum and was opened this year. The archive contains rich materials – photos, documents, letters, personal belongings, Marina's four books, and many articles. Seeing all of this, the staff of the House-Museum was caught by surprise.
- Mark Grigoryan
The history of world literature has always been enriched with unique shades by those dedicated people of literary circles who, along with several supporters or friends, have created small groups and carried out solely literary projects. Of course, their path has not been easy, especially if they have also been forced to solve financial problems to achieve their goals.
A small group of like-minded people, whom I call the spiritual heirs of Ler Kamsar, philologist Armen Keshishyan, lawyer Hayk Khemchyan, artist Gevorg Mshetsi-Javrushyan, have gathered around Vanuhi Tovmasyan, the granddaughter of the brilliant satirist, and have undertaken the task of publishing Ler Kamsar's unpublished diaries.
- Armen Keshishyan, Hayk Khemchyan, Gevorg Mshetsi-Javrushyan
- Ashot Voskanyan
In order to show the time of Charents, it is necessary to show his way that had passed in the passage of space and time, that is, in the interval between the initial and final points that was both dramatic and tragic... Charents is unable to get rid of the overwhelming burden of the "unfailing past." He realized that the greatest loss of the Armenian people is the destruction of the collective genius of the people, that, according to Hayk Asatryan, "the Armenian is not a human of hereditary effort, but of historical memory. He does not continue the work, but only lives as an accomplished fact."
- Ashot Voskanyan
Appreciating the merits of the Charents experts of the previous period, we should note that the works of Charents need a new interpretation (the same can be also said about the literature of our other great writers). Not only has the social system changed, but also every generation searches only their own in literature and only within their own interests. This is what ensures the progress of scholarly work. In this regard, a noteworthy study on Charents has been carried out by Doctor of Philosophy Ashot Voskanyan.
Why did the philosopher touch upon the works of the genius Charents? What was our contemporary researcher looking for and what has he revealed in the works of Charents?
- Mikayel Dallakyan
In recent months, an unprecedented initiative with the symbolic name "Under One Roof" has attracted my attention on Facebook. The author of this initiative, Mikayel Dallakyan, who temporarily lives abroad, has decided to build apartments for his homeless compatriots living in the homeland.
While others were and are busy with public speeches about each other's accomplished and unaccomplished works, Mr. Dallakyan has raised the flag of struggle against his incurable "disease," which can be overcome by national unity, only by joint efforts, without differentiation of compatriots as former and current ones, as those living abroad and in the homeland. As a result of the implementation of this program, the Armenians living in the homeland will profit, which means our homeland will become stronger.
In early June, the State Language Inspectorate of the RA Ministry of Education and Science was reorganized into the Language Committee. This administrative body was established as a structure under the RA Government after the adoption of the law "On Language" in 1993 and was to follow the application of this law.
The establishment of this committee was welcomed first of all by the defenders of the purity of the only state language of Armenia. It is known that we had inherited quite a heavy load of foreign words from the previous social system and we had to get rid of it as soon as possible. But to get rid of it, we couldn't use a strike of sword, but only a proper language policy. However, oddly enough, this wasn't easy in our almost mononational republic.
The reasons for this, both objective and subjective, are manifold...
- Davit Gyurjinyan
Knowledge of the policy of the first Republic of Armenia is still relevant for us today. The first republic was parliamentary, but the policies of the executive, legislative and judicial authorities of the first and third republics can be compared in many aspects.
After the proclamation of the republic, the Government was first formed, then the legislative body — the Parliament of the RA. It turns out that the falsification of elections and bribes have a 100-year history in our reality — 72 of 80 members of the Parliament were Dashnaks.
Failure to learn from one's own history can subsequently result in cruel reparation.
- Rafayel Tadevosyan
When the first Republic of Armenia was proclaimed, two separate National Councils operated in Tbilisi and Yerevan. The Yerevan National Council headed by Aram Manukyan had an undeniable activity. On July 19, prior to the arrival of the Tbilisi National Council in Yerevan, the Special Committee headed by Aram Manukyan actually carried out the functions of the interim government of Armenia. It was supposed that he would become the first Prime Minister of the republic. But Hovhannes Kajaznuni was appointed Prime Minister. During 2.5 years, four prime ministers were replaced in the Republic of Armenia.
- Rafayel Tadevosyan
- Ani Yeghiazaryan
The study of Tumanyan's heritage that began during his life has passed an important way. Giving worthy respect to our great predecessors for carrying out scientific publications of Tumanyan's works, we should mention that the specialists of the new generation also have something to say in this area, especially in complimenting the work of the specialists of the previous period... The republication of Tumanyan's academic edition is underway. Why do we need this republication? What are the features of the new edition? In structural terms, what changes have been made in the previous 10-volume edition?
- Ani Yeghiazaryan
Over the past hundred years, Hovhannes Tumanyan has become, willy-nilly, a permanent companion of the Armenians, regardless of their age and educational qualification. In his own time, Tumanyan was not only a writer, but also a key figure, a personality whose multipolar magnet gathered around him all the prominent figures of our culture. But not only them. For the people who did not have a state, Tumanyan unwittingly took on the function of the state…
This obliges us to remember him not only with reverence and gratitude, but also with a sense of duty. In fact, this attitude is important not for Tumanyan, but for us. His life and work became an open textbook for the following generations. And the generations, to the best of their ability, have valued his literary legacy and appreciated his social and civic activities. Today is our turn...
- Kevork Yazedjian
Armenian schools in Beirut are being "optimized." Melkonian School closed years ago…
These developments in the Diaspora are not unexpected…
From year to year, the number of Armenian schools and students in them is decreasing abroad. Armenian school teachers often send their own children to non-Armenian schools. In some communities of the Middle East the number of Armenians is several tens or hundreds... Once active colonies have left only memories about themselves.
Even the most powerful Diaspora community cannot exist forever in a foreign land, being cut off from its homeland.
- Hrachya Amiryan
A person demonstrates different behavior in ordinary, everyday relationships and in crowded places – in the mass. According to Freud, the behavior of a person changes in the crowd; under the influence of the irrational and unconscious, human excitement increases, the person shows such behavior which in other conditions he or she would not show. What happens in a person when he or she is a part of the mass; why does his intellectual level decline in the crowd, and the person becomes easily influenced, often an opportunist? When is a human able to separate himself or herself from the crowd? How to control the behavior of the crowd? A person can meet face to face with himself or herself; what about the mass? How to understand if politicians are sincere or they lie? What are the psychological characteristics of the crowd?
The fourth, parliamentary, republic of Armenia makes attempts to establish itself. A temporary government has been formed; the executive authority has been formed but the legislative and judicial authorities have not yet been got rid of the seal of the third, presidential, republic. Of course, systemic changes will need a long time to take place.
Due to the latest political developments, new revisions and rearrangements of realities and phenomena are necessary.
The goal of our new series of episodes is to ascertain the current realities, express opinions on them, and propose possible solutions for problematic issues.
- Romen Kozmoyan
- Kevork Yazedjian
Rapid geopolitical developments, the super-dynamism of international relations, and various challenges demand quick, almost instantaneous responses. This requires precisely working mechanisms. This work is provided by special research and analytical structures or, in modern terms, think tanks.
The activity of think tanks is not only aimed at curbing external challenges. They carry out research to solve problems in a number of spheres, to contribute to the formation of or the influence on public opinion within countries, to familiarization with the work of such centers in the world, etc., playing a unique organizational role of propaganda.
- Vardan Atoyan
- Tigran Tumachan
Musician and ethnographer Mihran Toumajan is one of the five famous pupils of Komitas. Having lost their brilliant teacher, they went through hellish situations, and after finding each other again, they committed themselves to the cause of spreading Armenian music, especially the works of their teacher.
In 1923, they left for different countries. Mihran Toumajan went to the USA, where he founded the Armenian Song choral company and in parallel began to collect samples of folk music from his compatriots from various provinces of Western Armenia who miraculously survived and found refuge in America and to transcribe these samples to music notation.
Philologist Tigran Tumachan recounts about his uncle.
In a very complex geopolitical situation in the half of the last decade of May 1918, the Transcaucasian Seym was abolished, and its members, the three republics, declared their independence. This is the classical point of view accepted in historiography. But there is also another, Turkish point of view on the proclamation of the Armenian Republic…
If Armenia weren't part of the USSR, there would be no Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic; if there were no Arm. SSR, we would not have an independent Republic of Armenia.
Until now, experts have been discussing the name of our first republic that was inherited by the third republic in 1991 as one of the state symbols of Armenia.
- Rafayel Tadevosyan
In the thousands-year-old Armenian history, the heroic May battles of 1918 were unprecedented in historical, political, military, moral and other aspects. They were unprecedented especially because the question "to be or not to be" had never been so acute for our people before. During the ongoing Armenian Genocide, which had begun in 1894, the Turks were unable to quench their thirst for blood and decided to finally eradicate the Armenians from that tiny land that had remained from the Armenian cradle and to delete the name "Armenia", sending it to the bosom of history as a historical and geographical notion.
In May 1918, the Ararat Armenians answered with a powerful "yes" to the question of their existence by mixing the cards of the military-political elite of Turkey and its impudent diplomacy, defeating the troops of the glorious Turkish 9th and 36th divisions in Sardarapat and Bash-Aparan.
- Rafayel Tadevosyan
The Russian and British interests clashed in Transcaucasia. Under the circumstances of this policy, the people of Zangezur and Artsakh were able to demonstrate a praiseworthy struggle.
Andranik went from the gavar of Gokhtn to Zangezur to participate in the self-defense. In this situation, the policy of the government of the first Armenian republic in Zangezur and Artsakh is notable. Amid diplomatic clashes, Nzhdeh managed to do the impossible to preserve the independence of the region.
The historical lessons and significance of the Zangezur struggle in 1917-1920 are timeless.
- Aram Simonyan